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About OT

 

 

What is Occupational Therapy?

 

Occupational therapy is a

 

  • Treatment
  • Coping skill
  • Prevention science and art

To the patient those who are having

 

  • Physical disorders, deformities dysfunctions permanently or temporally.
  • Psychiatric disorders dysfunctions permanently or temporally.

For

 

Obtain a quality productive and successful life to meet the patient’s personal, domestic, social and educational / employment demands.

 

By

 

Using occupational therapy therapeutic treatment techniques and therapeutic rehabilitation.

 

Hence

 

Occupational therapy contributes therapeutic environment as a treatment, prevention and coping skill for Physical and or psychiatrically disabled people for different able people. How nice! How successful! How productive!

 

 

 

Conditions, disorders & illnesses that the occupational therapists treat

 

In Sri Lanka, occupational therapists are treating in following types of conditions, disorders & illnesses

 

Physical disorders

 

1. All orthopedic conditions

   Ex. Colles' fracture, cut injuries of the hand, hip, knee etc.

 

2. All Rheumatologic condition

    Ex. Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis etc.

 

3. All Neurological Disorders

    Ex. Bell's palsy, Polyneuritis, Guillan-barre syndrome, nerve palsies

 


4. All types of hand injury, Cut injury ( Tendon , Nerves Muscles e.c.t ), Hand deformity ( mallet, boutonniere,swan neck, claw,dupuytrens e.c.t)
    Burns
    Brachial plexus injury
    Reconstructive surgery
    cosmetic surgery
 

 

5. Plastic surgical conditions


6. Pediatrics conditions

    Ex. C.P, M.R, spinal bifida, autism.

 

7. Muscular skeletal disorders

    Ex. Mayoralty etc

 

8. Degenerative disorder

 

9. Hand and cut injuries
 

10. Cancer, leprosy, T.B

     Including all medical and surgical conditions, disorders

 

 

Psychiatric disorders

 

1. Schizophrenia   

    All type of schizophrenic disorder

 

2. Paranoid state

 

3. Anxiety disorders

    Ex. Phobias, obsessive compulsive disorder (O.C.D), anxiety disorders, stress, PTSD, hysteria

 

4. Somatoform disorders

    Ex. Pain disorders, hypochondrasis, summarizations

 

5. Behavioral disorders

 

6. Affective disorders

 

7. Addictions


8. Eating disorders


9. Miscellaneous

    Ex. Stammering, writer’s cramp

 

10. Personality disorders


11. Pediatrics conditions

      E.g. M. R developmental delayed disorders, behavioral disorders, hyper acting, downs syndrome, learning disorders, autism, etc

 

 

Occupational therapy as a treatment for the target patients in Sri Lanka

 

Therapeutic Medias

 

  • Therapeutic activities and occupations
  • Physical exercises
  • Psychological exercise
  • Sports
  • Music, art, drama

 

Therapeutic areas

 

  • Splints
  • Adaptation
  • Home visits
  • Wheel chair assessment
  • ADL & hand assessment
  • Resettlement

 

Therapeutic techniques

 

  • Relaxation
  • Therapeutic rehabilitation - physical & mental
  • Behavioral therapy

 

Target groups

 

Target age groups for occupational therapy in Sri Lanka are

  • Children
  • Adolescents
  • Adults
  • Old aged people

 

As the other parts of the world.

 

 

Where the occupational therapists practice in Sri Lanka?

 

The occupational therapists are practice at the following institutions in Sri Lanka.

 

  • The national hospital of Sri Lanka

      Department of rheumatology and rehabilitation (general) - To treat for orthopedics conditions
      University psychological medicine unit (ward 59) - To treat for all type of psychiatric disorders
      Burns unit - To treat for all type of burn injuries, and surgical conditions
      Hand therapy unit and plastic surgery - To treat for hand disorders and plastic surgical conditions
      Neurology unit (ward 16) - To treat for neurological conditions
      Accident service - To treat for orthopedic, accident and surgical conditions

 

  • Rehabilitation hospital - Ragama

      To treat for all type of physical disorders (Specialized an providing wheel chairs/ providing adaptation & splints/ providing special seat for the  

      pediatric condition)

 

  • Mental Hospital - Angoda

      To treat for all types of psychiatric conditions

 

  • Colombo South Teaching Hospital - Kalubovila

      To treat for all types of psychiatric disorder and physical conditions

 

  • Colombo North Teaching Hospital – Ragama

      To treat for all types of psychiatric disorder and physical conditions

 

  • Lady Ridgeway Hospital – Borella (Colombo 08)

      To treat for pediatric conditions (physical)

 

  • Teaching hospital karapitiya( Consist in four units)
    1.Pediatric unit , Rheumatology and Rehabilitation
    2.Hand therapy Unit plastic and reconstructive surgery
    3. psychiatry Unit ( Day center)
    4. Maliban Rehabilitation center

 

 

  • Mental Hospital – Unawatuna – Galle

      To treat for all type of psychiatric conditions

 

  • General Hospital – Matara

      To treat for neurological conditions and other physical & psychiatric conditions

 

  • Teaching Hospital – Anuradapura

      To treat for all type of psychiatric conditions

 

  • Rehabilitation Unit - Digana

      To treat for all type of physical disorders

 

  • General Hospital – Kandy

      To treat for psychiatric conditions

 

  • Teaching Hospital – Peradeniya

      To treat for psychiatric conditions

 

  • Sirimavo Bandaranaike Specialized Children Hospital - Peradeniya

      To treat for all type of pediatric conditions

 

  • Mental Hospital - Mulleriyawa

      To treat for psychiatric conditions

 

  • General Hospital - Kaluthara

      To treat for psychiatric conditions

 

  • General Hospital – Batticlo

      To treat for physical disorders & psychiatric conditions

 

  • Teaching Hospital – Jaffna

      To treat for physical disorders & psychiatric conditions

 

  • General Hospital - Matale

      To treat for psychiatric conditions

 

  • Army Hospital – Colombo & Panagoda

      To treat for physical disorders & psychiatric conditions

 

  • Navy Hospital – Welisara

      To treat for physical disorders

 

  • “Ranawiru Sewana” Army Rehabilitation Hospital - Ragama

      To treat for physical disorders

 

  • Air Force Hospital – Katunayake

      To treat for physical disorders & psychiatric conditions